Cysteine Market: Global Industry Analysis and Forecast (2024-2030) Trends

  • The Cysteine Market was valued at USD 436.78 million in 2023. Global Cysteine Market size is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 5.8% over the forecast period.

  • Format : PDF | Report ID : SMR_845

Cysteine Market Definition:

Cysteine is a sulfur-based non-essential amino acid that is needed for protein synthesis, detoxification, and a variety of metabolic processes. It is biosynthesized in nails, skin, and hair by beta-keratin and increases protein stability by forming disulfide bridges. It also enhances skin elasticity and texture by increasing collagen formation. It is high in antioxidants and aids in the reduction of inflammation, cell damage, and the reversal of aging effects.


Further, the Cysteine market is segmented by Type, Application, End-user Industry, and geography. On the basis of Type, the Cysteine market is segmented under Traditional Method and Bio-Technology Based Method. Based on the Application, the Cysteine market is segmented under Anti-aging agent, Conditioner, Flavour Enhancer, Reducing Agent, and Others. Based on the End-user Industry, the Cysteine market is segmented under Food, Pharmaceutical, Animal Feed and Others. By geography, the market covers the following Regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and Middle East & Africa. For each segment, the market sizing and forecasts have been done on the basis of value (in USD Billion/Million).


Cysteine Market


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Cysteine Market Dynamics:

Personal Care and Cosmetics Industry Growth:


In the personal care and cosmetics sector, cysteine is commonly used as a hair conditioner, anti-static agent, and scent ingredient. In 2021, the South Korean cosmetics market has valued at US$10.3 billion. In comparison to the previous year, total exports and local production climbed by 4.2% and 4.9%, respectively. Since 2013, the Russian beauty business has increased every yar, and has reached $14.8 billion in 2021. It is forecast to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.09 % from 2021 to 2027.


Pharmaceutical industry booming the market:


In the pharmaceutical sector, cysteine is utilised to improve liver function and pigmentation. In emerging countries, the pharmaceutical business is booming. By 2024, India's pharmaceutical business is forecasted to be worth US$65 billion, and US$120 billion by 2030. In 2021, pharmacies sold medications worth Euro 58.8 billion (US$ 66.6 billion). This is an increase of 5.3%. As a result of this growth in the pharmaceutical industry, the cysteine market is forecasted to grow substantially throughout the forecast period.


Vegan Products Are Becoming More Popular:


Consumers nowadays demand more plant-based products in order to maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle. Cysteine has a unique quality in that it imparts a meaty flavour to non-animal items. Red peppers, garlic, onion, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, oats, almonds, and granola are all good sources of cysteine. During the forecast period, an increase in the vegan population and consumption of plant-based foods is expected to generate opportunities for plant-based cysteine products.


The market is being driven by the dough conditioning application:


Cysteine is commonly utilized as a dough conditioner in the baking sector. It rips the disulfide bonds of gluten, a protein contained in flour that gives dough its thickness. After the United States, India is the world's second-largest biscuit producer. With the development of brands such as Bauli, the bread business in India is forecast to grow at a rate of 18-20% in the next five years. Bimbo, the world's largest bakery goods company, has pushed its way into India by buying majority ownership in Ready Roti India, a local bread company. This could lead to more cysteine agreements in the future years.


Food is the most powerful end-user industry:


For meat flavourings and roast odours, cysteine is an excellent intermediate. A variety of delicious flavours can be created by reacting cysteine with various sugars. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has forecasted that in 2021, the average consumer has consumed 222.2 pounds of red meat and poultry. Domestic production is likely to exceed GBP 100 billion. The continual growth of meat production has been aided by the fall in meat prices and dietary patterns that focus more on protein and less on carbohydrates. During the forecast period, demand for cysteine is set to rise because of an increase in meat consumption around the world.


Market Restraints:


Concerns about animal-based food products are becoming more frequent: Humans are exposed to saturated fat, cholesterol, lactose, and harmful microbes when they consume animal-based products. The use of animal-based products raises the risk of heart disease, cancer, and obesity. As a result, people are abandoning animal-based products. Consumers have been advised to eat less meat, particularly red meat, for decades by public health officials and health practitioners. Animal husbandry accounts for 18% of total greenhouse gas emissions, which is higher than all transportation emissions combined. Veganism is practiced by about 6% of Americans, and plant-based food retail sales in the United States reached $7.4 billion in 2021. Concerns regarding animal-based products and their market have grown in recent years as the vegan population has grown and consumption of animal-based products has decreased.


Market Opportunity:


NAC Supplements' Health Benefits Are Creating Revenue Opportunities for Cysteine Producers: N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) supplements are well-known for their antioxidant properties. Antioxidants aid in the battle against free radicals, which are toxic molecules that damage cell membranes and DNA in the body. NAC supplements are helping to slow down ageing and lessen the risk of health problems including heart disease and cancer, thus manufacturers in the cysteine industry are ramping up manufacturing.


NAC pills have been discovered to help prevent medication interactions and harmful substances from causing negative effects. Cysteine supplement manufacturers are increasing production capacity since these supplements have the potential to cure respiratory disorders like bronchitis and COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease).


Market Challenge:


Cysteine's Negative Effects: Cysteine can be harmful to human cells in extremely large amounts (more than 7 grams) and even cause death. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) can produce nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea when taken by mouth. Angioedema (swelling of the soft tissue just beneath the skin, such as the face, lips, and around the eyes) and anaphylaxis (severe allergic reactions) can occur after intravenous delivery of NAC to treat acetaminophen intoxication (a life-threatening allergic reaction). People with cystinuria, a kidney ailment in which too much cysteine is excreted in the urine, should avoid using cystine supplements. When absorbed into the lungs, NAC can produce chest tightness, numbness of the mouth, runny nose, and drowsiness. It's possible that it'll make asthma symptoms worse. As a result, cysteine's detrimental health impacts are posing a serious threat to the cysteine business.


Cysteine Market Trends:


Cysteine is used as a dough conditioner in the baking sector to break down gluten disulfide linkages. The amino acid cysteine reduces the stiffness of dough, making it simpler to work with. Cysteine also helps in the increase in elastic property, which benefits in the better fermentation of the dough and, as a result, the rise of the dough during baking. After the United States, India is the world's second-largest biscuit producer. In India, the bakery industry is growing, and flavors are poised to explode to cater to customers' preferences. Indo-western along with fusion flavor trends are at an all-time high in India. For instance, Bakeries, are concentrating on combining Indian flavors with French pastries. All of these trends in the Indian market are increasing demand for flavours, which is forecast to lead to an increase in cysteine demand from flavour producers. As a result, the bread industry's cysteine demand has been rising because of increased need for dough conditioning and other applications.


Cysteine Market Segment Analysis:

By Type, The market is divided into two types based on type: the traditional method and Bio-Technology Based Method. Traditional sources of L-cysteine include feathers and hairs from animals. Bacteria were modified, first, to produce far more L-cysteine than they require for themselves using a new biotechnological method developed by Wacker Chemie AG, and, second, to excrete the synthesized L-cysteine into the nutrient broth using a selective biomolecular intervention in the bacteria's metabolism.


By End-user Industry, in 2023, the food and beverage segment had the greatest proportion of the cysteine market, which is expected to increase at an annual rate of 8.2% from 2022 to 2027. Beef liver, crab cakes, lima beans, and certain mushrooms are among the foods that contain it. Many dietary supplement formulae contain it as well.


Cysteine levels are high in pork, beef, poultry, fish, lentils, oats, eggs, low-fat yogurt, sunflower seeds, and cheese. Cysteine should be ingested at a rate of 4.1 milligrams per kilogram of body weight per day, or 1.9 milligrams per pound of body weight per day. A person weighing 70 kilograms154 pounds) should ingest 287 milligrams of cystine each day. The overall weight of poultry birds produced in Canada increased for the 10th year in a row, leading to rising chicken and stewing hen output.


Cysteine Market


Cysteine Market Regional Insights:

In 2023, the Asia-Pacific region had the highest share of the cysteine market, up to 40%, and is expected to increase at a CAGR of 7.3% from 2024 to 2030. The cysteine market is expected to develop throughout the forecast period, owing to the growing bakery markets of significant nations like China and India. China is the world's largest producer of L-cysteine. The old process of generating cysteine from duck feathers and human hair is still used in the country. The classic method begins with boiling feathers or hair in powerful hydrochloric acid and activated carbon, followed by electrolysis.


China's animal feed manufacturing business is the world's largest. By 2021, the nation intends to boost production to 261.424 million metric tonnes. Several new investments are forecasted to emerge in the next years, which may have a favorable impact on overall demand. The bakery business in China has entered a period of tremendous growth. The country is forecasted to become the top producer and consumer of baked goods in the future years.


Recent Developments in Cysteine Market:

  • April 2021- Exela Pharma Sciences has received FDA approval for ELCYS (cysteine hydrochloride injection), USP, and the only FDA-approved cysteine hydrochloride injection on the market in the United States. ELCYS is indicated for use as an amino acid solution added to meet the nutritional demands of newborn infants requiring total parenteral nutrition (TPN), as well as adult and pediatric patients with severe liver disease who may require TPN due to reduced enzymatic processes.


  • May 2020- Eton Pharmaceuticals, a specialty pharmaceutical business focused on the development and commercialization of new medicinal products, submitted an Abbreviated New Drug Application against Exela Pharma Science's Elcys (cysteine hydrochloride injection) (ANDA).


  • February 2020- FlavorNrich Master C was launched by CJ BIO, a world-leading biotechnology business. It's the world's first natural cysteine, created in response to consumer demand for plant-based, transparent, and natural flavorings. In contrast, CJ BIO's new FlavorNric Master C is made using microbial fermentation rather than electrolysis. It is the only natural cysteine that has been certified as a natural flavor by the USDA Organic Program, as well as FDA, USDA, FEMA GRAS, and EU regulations. FlavorNrichTM Master C allows for natural flavour claims while keeping your labels clean and dependable.


Cysteine Market Key Players Insights:

The market is characterized by the existence of a number of well-known firms. These companies control a large portion of the market, have a wide product portfolio, and have a global presence. In addition, the market comprises small to mid-sized competitors that sell a limited variety of items, some of which are self-publishing organizations.


The market's major companies have a significant impact because most of them have extensive global networks through which they can reach their massive client bases. To drive revenue growth and strengthen their positions in the global market, key players in the market, particularly in North America and Europe, are focusing on strategic initiatives such as acquisitions, new collection launches, and partnerships.


The objective of the report is to present a comprehensive analysis of the Global Cysteine market to the stakeholders in the industry. The report provides trends that are most dominant in the Global Cysteine market and how these trends will influence new business investments and market development throughout the forecast period. The report also aids in the comprehension of the Global Cysteine Market dynamics and competitive structure of the market by analyzing market leaders, market followers, and regional players.


The qualitative and quantitative data provided in the Global Cysteine market report is to help understand which market segments, regions are expected to grow at higher rates, factors affecting the market, and key opportunity areas, which will drive the industry and market growth through the forecast period. The report also includes the competitive landscape of key players in the industry along with their recent developments in the Global Cysteine market. The report studies factors such as company size, market share, market growth, revenue, production volume, and profits of the key players in the Global Cysteine market.


Cysteine Market


The report provides Porter's Five Force Model, which helps in designing the business strategies in the market. The report helps in identifying how many rivals exist, who they are, and how their product quality is in the Global Cysteine market. The report also analyses if the Global Cysteine market is easy for a new player to gain a foothold in the market, do they enter or exit the market regularly, if the market is dominated by a few players, etc.


The report also includes a PESTEL Analysis, which aids in the development of company strategies. Political variables help in figuring out how much a government can influence the Global Cysteine market. Economic variables aid in the analysis of economic performance drivers that have an impact on the Global Cysteine market. Understanding the impact of the surrounding environment and the influence of environmental concerns on the Global Cysteine market is aided by legal factors.


Cysteine Market Scope:

Cysteine Market 

Market Size in 2023

USD 436.78 Mn.

Market Size in 2030

USD 648.13 Mn.

CAGR (2024-2030)


Historic Data


Base Year


Forecast Period


Segment Scope

by Type

  • Traditional Method
  • Bio-Technology Based Method

by Application

  • Anti-aging agent
  • Conditioner
  • Flavour Enhancer
  • Reducing Agent
  • Others

by End-user Industry

  • Food
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Animal Feed
  • Others

Regional Scope

North America- United States, Canada, and Mexico

Europe – UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Austria, and Rest of Europe

Asia Pacific – China, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, ASEAN, Rest of APAC

Middle East and Africa - South Africa, GCC, Egypt, Nigeria, Rest of the Middle East and Africa

South America – Brazil, Argentina, Rest of South America


Cysteine Market Key Players: 

  • Wacker Chemie AG (Munich, Germany)
  • Nippon Rika Industries Corporation (Japan)
  • Ajinomoto North America Inc. (US)
  • Ningbo Zhenhai Haide Biochem Co. Ltd (China)
  • Wuhan Grand Hoyo Co. Ltd (China)
  • Wuxi Bikang Bioengineering Co. Ltd (China)
  • Donboo Amino Acid Co. Ltd (China)
  • Merck KGaA (Germany)
  • CJ Haide (CJ CheilJedang Corp.) (South Korea)
  • Shine Star (Hubei) Biological Engineering Co. Ltd (China)
  • Shanghai Cosroma Biotech Co. Ltd (Shanghai, China)
  • CJ CheilJedang Corp. (South Korea)
  • Merck and Co., Inc. (US)


Regional Breakdown:

Asia Pacific Cysteine Market: Regional Industry Analysis and Forecast (2024-2030) Trends, Statistics, Dynamics and Segmentation


Europe Cysteine Market: Industry Analysis and Forecast (2024-2030) Trends, Statistics, Dynamics, Segmentation

Frequently Asked Questions

The segments covered in the Cysteine Market report are based on Type, Application, and End-user Industry.

  1. Scope of the Report
  2. Research Methodology
    • Research Process
    • Global Cysteine Market: Target Audience
    • Global Cysteine Market: Primary Research (As per Client Requirement)
    • Global Cysteine Market: Secondary Research
  3. Executive Summary
  4. Competitive Landscape
    • Market Share Analysis by Region in 2023(%)
      • North America
      • Europe
      • Asia Pacific
      • Middle East and Africa
      • South America
    • Stellar Competition matrix
      • Global Stellar Competition Matrix
      • North America Stellar Competition Matrix
      • Europe Stellar Competition Matrix
      • Asia Pacific Stellar Competition Matrix
      • South America Stellar Competition Matrix
      • Middle East and Africa Stellar Competition Matrix
    • Key Players Benchmarking: - by Product, Pricing, Investments, Expansion Plans, Physical Presence, and Presence in the Market.
    • Mergers and Acquisitions in Industry: - M&A by Region, Value, and Strategic Intent
    • Market Dynamics
    • Market Drivers
    • Market Restraints
    • Market Opportunities
    • Market Challenges
    • PESTLE Analysis
    • PORTERS Five Force Analysis
    • Value Chain Analysis
  5. Global Cysteine Market Segmentation
    • Global Cysteine Market, by Region (2023-2030)
      • North America
      • Europe
      • Asia-Pacific
      • Middle East & Africa
      • South America
    • Global Cysteine Market, by Type (2023-2030)
      • Traditional Method
      • Bio-Technology Based Method
    • Global Cysteine Market, by Application (2023-2030)
      • Anti-aging agent
      • Conditioner
      • Flavour Enhancer
      • Reducing Agent
      • Others
    • Global Cysteine Market, by End-user Industry (2023-2030)
      • Food
      • Pharmaceutical
      • Animal Feed
      • Others
  6. North America Cysteine Market Segmentation
    • North America Cysteine Market, by Type (2023-2030)
      • Traditional Method
      • Bio-Technology Based Method
    • North America Cysteine Market, by Application (2023-2030)
      • Anti-aging agent
      • Conditioner
      • Flavour Enhancer
      • Reducing Agent
      • Others
    • North America Cysteine Market, by End-user Industry (2023-2030)
      • Food
      • Pharmaceutical
      • Animal Feed
      • Others
    • North America Toys Market, by Country (2023-2030)
      • United States
      • Canada
      • Mexico
  7. Europe Cysteine Market Segmentation
    • Europe Cysteine Market, by Type (2023-2030)
    • Europe Cysteine Market, by Application (2023-2030)
    • Europe Cysteine Market, by End-user Industry (2023-2030)
    • Europe Cysteine Market, by Country (2023-2030)
  8. Asia Pacific Cysteine Market Segmentation
    • Asia Pacific Cysteine Market, by Type (2023-2030)
    • Asia Pacific Cysteine Market, by Application (2023-2030)
    • Asia Pacific Cysteine Market, by End-user Industry (2023-2030)
    • Asia Pacific Cysteine Market, by Country (2023-2030)
  9. Middle East and Africa Cysteine Market Segmentation
    • Middle East and Africa Cysteine Market, by Type (2023-2030)
    • Middle East and Africa Cysteine Market, by Application (2023-2030)
    • Middle East and Africa Cysteine Market, by End-user Industry (2023-2030)
    • Middle East and Africa Cysteine Market, by Country (2023-2030)
  10. South America Cysteine Market Segmentation
    • South America Cysteine Market, by Type (2023-2030)
    • South America Cysteine Market, by Application (2023-2030)
    • South America Cysteine Market, by End-user Industry (2023-2030)
    • South America Cysteine Market, by Country (2023-2030)
  11. Company Profiles
    • Key Players
      • Wacker Chemie AG (Munich, Germany)
        • Company Overview
        • Type Portfolio
        • Financial Overview
        • Business Strategy
        • Key Developments
      • Nippon Rika Industries Corporation (Japan)
      • Ajinomoto North America Inc. (US)
      • Ningbo Zhenhai Haide Biochem Co. Ltd (China)
      • Wuhan Grand Hoyo Co. Ltd (China)
      • Wuxi Bikang Bioengineering Co. Ltd (China)
      • Donboo Amino Acid Co. Ltd (China)
      • Merch KGaA (Germany)
      • CJ Haide (CJ CheilJedang Corp.) (South Korea)
      • Shine Star (Hubei Biological Engineering Co. Ltd (China)
      • Shanghai Cosroma Biotech Co. Ltd (Shanghai, China)
  12. Key Findings
  13. Recommendations

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